UMPRUM – Vysoká škola umělecko průmyslováSTUDY PLANS

History of Design of the 20th Century 1

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Code Completion Credits Range Semester
F0040 ZK 2
Subject guarantor:
Veronika Rollová
Name of lecturer(s):
Veronika Rollová
Lectures outline:

1.Definition of design. 19th Century. Applied art, Design and Industrial Revolution. Josiah Wedgewood, Michael Thonet. The Great Exhibition in London, 1851. New design institutions (design schools and design museums in Europe). Henry Cole, Gottfried Semper.

2.Arts and Crafts Movement. John Ruskin, William Morris. Japanese influences on European Art. Christopher Dresser.

3.Art Nouveau. Vienna (Wiener Sezession), Paris (René Lalilque, Émile Gallé). Charles Rennie Mackintosh and The Four. Early Modernism. Josef Hofmann and Wiener Werkstätte. Artěl - products and authors. Folklorism.

4.Cubism. Pavel Janák and theory of Cubism. Pražské umělecké dílny (Prague Art Workshops). Cubist Furniture (Josef Gočár). Graphic Design (V. H. Brunner, František Kysela).

5.Avant-Garde design. Russian Avant-Garde (Suprematism, Constructivism, VKhUTEMAS). De Stijl (Gerrit Rietveld).

6.Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris (1925). Czechoslovak Pavilion. Marie Teinitzerová. Art Deco. Interwar decorative art in Czechoslovakia - interiors, furniture, tapestry, graphic design. Czechoslovak National Style (Janák, Gočár, Kysela, Horejc).

7.Functionalism. New approach to living (minimal flat, collective housing, Frankfurt Kitchen, Deutscher Werkbund and Weissenhofsiedlung, Svaz československého díla). Peter Behrens. Architecture and Space. Adolf Loos (Raumplan), Le Corbusier, L. M. van der Rohe and Lilly Reich. The City of Zlín, Baba Housing estate. Spojené UP závody (Jindřich Halabala), Krásná jizba.

8.Bauhaus. Masters and students. Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Gunta Stölzl. New approach to design education.

9.Ladislav Sutnar. Exhibition design and exhibition pavilions. Representation of Czechoslovakia abroad. „Visual Design in Action“.

10.Power, ideology and propaganda. Motives and Symbols. USSR and Socialist Realism. Fascist Italy. Nazi Germany. Entartete Kunst Exhibition. The World Exhibition in Paris, 1937.

11.WW2 and industrial design. Ergonomics (Vincenc Makovský, Zdeněk Kovář). X. Triennale di Milano (1954). USA and industrial designers (R. Loewy).

12.After WW2: Living and Home. Triennale di Milano in 1940s and 1950s, Case Study Houses. Growing Consumption and changing living standards. Kitchen Debate. Cornell Kitchen. Re-building of Czechoslovakia. Ostrava-Poruba. Invalidovna, experimental housing estate.

Seminar outline:
Study Objectives:


-to introduce students to important design movements and their protagonists, institutions and approaches (in the whole world with specific regard to Czechoslovak and Czech context)

-to enable students to critically approach historical design movements and be aware of the specific contexts from which they have grown

-to make students familiar with the key questions posed by designers in the 20th Century and their critical reflection (housing situation, sustainability, functionality, symbolic value of an object, relationship with power and politics, relationship between industrial design and art object etc.)

-to show students how the historical approaches can be relevant to their own work

-to introduce design?s ability to answer specific needs of society and different individuals, and its interdisciplinary character and its connection to art, architecture and technology


On satisfactory completion of this subject, the student will be able to:

-understand the key principles of the most important historical design movements, to argue their importance and be aware of the specificity of Czech/Czechoslovak design in the world context

-critically evaluate different ideas and problems approached by important design movements and personalities and to see them in specific historical and social context

-put their own work as designers into a wider social context

-view design as a complex field, that reacts to specific needs of society and individuals and closely cooperates with other areas of art and industry

Study materials:


Jonathan Woodham, Twentieth Century Design, Oxford 1997.

Milena Bartlová - Jindřich Vybíral (eds.), Building a State. The Representation of Czechoslovakia in Art, Architecture and Design, Prague 2015.


Daniela Karasová, The History of Modern Furniture Design, Prague 2012.

Lada Hubatová-Vacková, Silent Revolutions in Ornament. Studies in Applied Arts and Crafts from 1880-1930, Prague 2011.

Lucie Vlčková, Czech Cubism. A Guide to the Permanent Exhibition of the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague, Prague 2015.

Iva Knobloch - Radim Vondráček (eds.), Design v českých zemích 1900-2000 [Design in the Czech Lands 1900-2000], Prague 2016 (illustrations and English summary).

Course web page:
Schedule for winter semester 2020/2021:
The schedule has not yet been prepared
Schedule for summer semester 2020/2021:
The schedule has not yet been prepared
The subject is a part of the following study plans:
Generated on 2021-08-02
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